Robertus Stephanus – Novum Testamentum

Publisher: Paris, 1550, Third Edition

Author: Robertus Stephanus

Robert Estienne (a.k.a. Stephanus) published four Greek New Testaments in the sixteenth century (1546, 1549, 1550, and 1551). The first three editions of his Novum Testamentum were published in Paris, the fourth in Geneva. His third edition of 1550 was affectionately known as Editio Regia, because of the magnificent Greek font and large folio size of the codex. Not only the most handsome, the 1550 Stephanus is also the most important of his texts. This was the first published Greek New Testament to have a textual apparatus. Stephanus examined 15 manuscripts and listed several of their readings in the margins of his Editio Regia. Stephanus’s fourth edition was the first to have verse divisions in it, a feature that Stephanus invented to help the reader more easily compare the two Latin translations and the Greek that are found in the fourth edition. Though the text of the third and fourth editions was virtually identical, the fourth became the basis for the Geneva Bible, the first Bible translation to have verse divisions. The 1550 Stephanus also became the standard text to be used as a collating base for countless collations of Greek New Testament manuscripts.

According to Scrivener’s A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament (with minor updates; see the Wikipedia article “Editio Regia” for the table, which has been supplemented and corrected here), the manuscripts and texts that Stephanus utilized in his third edition are as follows:

Siglum Name/Gregory-Aland number Date Content Institution
α' Complutensian Polyglot XVI New Testament  —
β' Codex Bezae (D [05]) V ea Cambridge University
γ' GA 4 XIII e Bibliotheque nationale, Paris
δ' GA 5 XIII eap Bibliotheque nationale, Paris
ε' GA 6 XIII eap Bibliotheque nationale, Paris
ς' GA 7 XII e Bibliotheque nationale, Paris
ζ' GA 18 XI eapr Bibliotheque nationale, Paris
η' Codex Regius (L [019]) VIII e Bibliotheque nationale, Paris
θ' ?      
ι' GA 2817 XI a Bibliotheque nationale, Paris
ια' ?   a Bibliotheque nationale, Paris
ιβ' GA 9 1167 e Bibliotheque nationale, Paris
ιγ'     p  
ιδ' Codex Victorinus 774 (GA 120) XII Mt, Lk Bibliotheque nationale, Paris
ιε' ?   a Bibliotheque nationale, Paris
ις' ?   r  

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